Assyria v Judah: God’s Sovereignty and 2 Kings 19:25

A passage that comes to the forefront in the church’s debate over God’s sovereignty is 2 Kings 19:25. Calvinists use it to point to God’s meticulous sovereignty. Non-Calvinists, such as myself, disagree with that conclusion. The passage is set during the time of Hezekiah when the nation of Assyria rose to dominance. They brutally conqueredContinue reading “Assyria v Judah: God’s Sovereignty and 2 Kings 19:25”

Does Lamentations 3:37-38 Support Determinism?

So I saw on a Facebook group someone citing Lamentations 3:37-38 as proof of determinism (the Calvinist definition of sovereignty). Do these verses really teach determinism? According to the ESV, they do. But when you dig into Hebrew and Greek, they don’t. Introduction Music Citation: Two Pianos by Manuel Senfft ( is licensed under aContinue reading “Does Lamentations 3:37-38 Support Determinism?”

013 Theological Musings on Total Depravity

I love theology! And I am back with a theological musings where I cover Total Depravity. I work through five passages commonly used to defend the position and I find them lacking. Also, follow my confessions on total depravity for footnotes and such: Part 1, Part 2, and Part 3. Introduction Music Citation: Two PianosContinue reading “013 Theological Musings on Total Depravity”

The Court against Oppression: Biblical Legal Theory from a Covenant Law Suit

In this podcast, we discover how an ancient Israelite prophet argued his legal case against Israel. This discovery shows how the legal system in Israel was based on a common-law system.

Christ and the Divine Council: Part 1

The concept of angels is much deeper than most Christians realize. The New Testament writers used αγγελος to refer to a class of beings known in the Old Testament as אלהים or gods. For example, Hebrews 1:6 says, “Let all the αγγελοι of God worship [Christ].” Psalm 97:7 says, “Worship [Yahweh], all you אלהים.” ThisContinue reading “Christ and the Divine Council: Part 1”

The OT and Me: What is Our Relationship with It?

Most Christians at some time or another have wondered what we do with the Old Testament (OT). I don’t think I can answer all the questions. But I want to suggest a way of thinking about the OT that may lead to fruitful exegesis. Before my suggestion, I have two thoughts. First, as Christians weContinue reading “The OT and Me: What is Our Relationship with It?”

The State of Modern Biblical Studies

I just read an excellent article from Joshua Berman. He works through the state of modern Biblical Studies and finds many problems with it. “A double standard permeates the field [of biblical studies]: when a scholar adduces evidence for the unity of a biblical text, he is liable to be labeled a conservative and dismissed;Continue reading “The State of Modern Biblical Studies”

Stephen J. Wellum’s God the Son Incarnate: The Doctrine of Christ

Genre. Wellum’s book is a scholarly argument. While readable and understandable, it is comprised entirely of an analysis of both Christology proper and the history surrounding the doctrine. As such, it is suitable for people already familiar with the landscape of Christology and a general knowledge theological history. Organization. In the introduction, Wellum stated thatContinue reading “Stephen J. Wellum’s God the Son Incarnate: The Doctrine of Christ”

Symposium Interview: Judson Green and the Divine Council

Today, my buddy and I interview Judson Greene, a friend of mine at BJU. He wrote the papers on YHWH and the divine council that I read earlier this year.