Christ As King: The Royal Supremacy of Christ Part 1

Christians often treat Jesus as a friend and a brother, as well they should. He is both the “first-born among many brethren” and our friend (Heb 2:10; Jn 15:14-15). Yet, in American society, we have often left Christ on this level only. We often do not think what it means that he is King andContinue reading “Christ As King: The Royal Supremacy of Christ Part 1”

Christ and the Divine Council: Part 2

The Death of the Incarnate Son When Jesus took upon him the form of a servant, he shattered every conceivable norm in the DC. Yahweh was already function as an angel when he took a further step down and became “lower than the אלהים/αγγελοι” (Ps 8:5; Heb 2:7). He was made a man and becameContinue reading “Christ and the Divine Council: Part 2”

Christ and the Divine Council: Part 1

The concept of angels is much deeper than most Christians realize. The New Testament writers used αγγελος to refer to a class of beings known in the Old Testament as אלהים or gods. For example, Hebrews 1:6 says, “Let all the αγγελοι of God worship [Christ].” Psalm 97:7 says, “Worship [Yahweh], all you אלהים.” ThisContinue reading “Christ and the Divine Council: Part 1”

The OT and Me: What is Our Relationship with It?

Most Christians at some time or another have wondered what we do with the Old Testament (OT). I don’t think I can answer all the questions. But I want to suggest a way of thinking about the OT that may lead to fruitful exegesis. Before my suggestion, I have two thoughts. First, as Christians weContinue reading “The OT and Me: What is Our Relationship with It?”

Authorship of Isaiah according to Jewish Tradition

I found this tradition concerning the authorship of Isaiah in the Babylonian Talmud (Bava Batra, trans: The William Davidson Talmud). Apparently, they thought that Isaiah’s works were compiled by Hezekiah. Jeremiah wrote his own book, and the book of Kings, and Lamentations. Hezekiah and his colleagues wrote the following, and a mnemonic to remember whichContinue reading “Authorship of Isaiah according to Jewish Tradition”

Why Was Jesus Born?

In the Christmas season, we often hear the story of Jesus’ birth. We gloss over it like a children’s story with no relevance to us today. But have you stopped to think about why the church considers Jesus’ birth to be important? The importance of Jesus’ birth begins with two concepts. The first concept isContinue reading “Why Was Jesus Born?”

Exegesis: Theology’s Science

The so-called soft sciences, such as history or anthropology, have a common issue: the lack of experimental controls. That is, there is no “standard” to compare it too. Unlike empirical sciences, like biology and physics, there is no way to repeat history and only change small variables in the process. This does not mean thatContinue reading “Exegesis: Theology’s Science”

Thoughts on Apologetics

There is a debate about how to do apologetics. I certainly will not solve the debate, but I offer my observations. Most everyone agrees: evidence is not enough to convert anyone. And there must be a work of the Spirit. What we do argue over is what kind of evidences we should use and howContinue reading “Thoughts on Apologetics”

The State of Modern Biblical Studies

I just read an excellent article from Joshua Berman. He works through the state of modern Biblical Studies and finds many problems with it. “A double standard permeates the field [of biblical studies]: when a scholar adduces evidence for the unity of a biblical text, he is liable to be labeled a conservative and dismissed;Continue reading “The State of Modern Biblical Studies”

Mafia-Style Exegesis

Having now visited many churches, listened to thousands of sermons, and preached a few myself, I have noticed the wide variety of exegesis. I’ve complained elsewhere about paregesis (preaching alongside the text, but never actually preaching the text). Here, I want to complain, if you’ll so indulge me, about Mafia-Style exegesis. This gangster way ofContinue reading “Mafia-Style Exegesis”