Angels, Women, and Anunnaki: What did the Ancient Near East Think of Genesis 6?

This week we are continuing our mini-series on the identity of the Sons of God in Genesis chapter six. Originally, I thought that I could cover this passage along with episode three. But, as I studied it, I found that I need to dedicate an episode to it. Then I studied it more and found out that I needed at least three episodes: one on the church’s interpretation, one on the Ancient Near East’s interpretation, and one on Hebrew interpretations.

Now that I’ve studied the Ancient Near Eastern side of things, I have come to realize that we will need at least two episodes on that subject. Why? Two reasons. First, there is so much material to be uncovered there. Second, because of all the subject in theology, historical and cultural background is my favorite thing to research. So, I naturally end up with more things than I intended to get.

Back track with me to the last episode. There I laid out what I think the passage means. I think that the sons of God are indeed angels. I argued this point from the Scriptures and the early church. In this episode, we are going to look at from the point of view of Israel’s neighbors. Specifically, two nations: Ugarit and Sumer. And what we will find is that the information about the sons of God from the ANE supports the view that angels are the correct interpretation of Genesis 6:1-4.

Texts used in the podcast:

A Liturgy for a Rite of Atonement for the People of Ugarit: Nicolas Wyatt, Religious Texts from Ugarit, 2nd ed. (New York: Sheffield Academic Press, 2003), 343–345. I rendered literally what the underlying text says according to footnote sixteen.

A Prayer for the Security of Ugarit: Ibid., 363–365. Translation modified according to footnote 2.

Ba’al Cycle: Ibid., 95–96.

Legend of King Keret: Ibid., 220–222.

“The Death of Gilgameš: A Version from Nibru,” The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature, last modified 2006, accessed June 4, 2019,

“A Dedication of a Statue,” The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature, accessed June 4, 2019, Textual critical marks removed.

“Enki and the World Order,” The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature, last modified 2006, accessed June 4, 2019,


Cover Photo: Public Domain

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