The Kingdom Covenants Part 1: Abrahamic and Mosaic

After this overview of the Biblical data about the Kingdom of God in the Old Testament, we will turn our attentions to the covenants. We will narrow our attention to the covenants which form the basis for the relationship that God has with his people. There are three major covenants that we will look at: the Abrahamic, Mosaic, and New Covenants. The covenants are critical to understand because they are the foundation of the kingdom. In the Abrahamic Covenant, God unconditionally obligates himself to three promises: to make Abraham the father of many nations, to give him and his children the land of Canaan, and to be their personal God. And Abraham received the covenant as a gift, or in theological terms he received it by grace. The next major covenant is the Mosaic Covenant. Unlike the Abrahamic Covenant, the Mosaic Covenant is conditional. If the people did not obey, God was not obligated to give them what he promised. Thus, the people earned by works the blessings of the covenant.  Unlike some theologians claim, the Mosaic Covenant could not have fulfilled the Abrahamic Covenant. First, the people could not have obeyed because they were fallen. Second, even if they were perfect, God could not require men to work for the blessing after he had sworn to give it to them freely. Third, the Mosaic Covenant could not resurrect Abraham so that he could receive the promise of the Abrahamic Covenant. For these reasons, we look for a better covenant which can fulfill the Abrahamic Covenant.

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